achievements of bahadur shah zafar

He was accompanied by his wife Zeenat Mahal into exile. His shayari and ghazals are very popular and inspire many poetry lovers. Bahadur Shah Zafar collection of poetry, ghazal, Nazm in Urdu, Hindi & English. Shah Zafar is the last Mughal emperor of Hindustan; after his involvement in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British exile him from Delhi's Red Fort to British-controlled Rangoon, bringing an end to the Mughal empire. He sought the advice of Mirza Naseer, then Zauq on his poetry. He was also often referred to as Bahadur Shah II. He also wrote an annotation of Sheikh Saadi’s Gulistan. A liberal emperor, who respected all faiths, loved peace, and was projected as a supporter of the 1857 uprising, was charged by the British government for treason and his role in a huge rebellion against the British Empire. Helpful. Log in. He was a devout sufi, a poet and a dervish. Bahadur Shah Zafar or Bahadur Shah II, born as Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad, on 24 October, 1775, was the last Mughal emperor. He was not much ambitious from childhood and had more interest in Sufism, music and literature than in the political matters of the country. In his youth, he conspired to overthrow his father Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor, and ascend to the throne. He had four wives, Begum Ashraf Mahal, Begum Akhtar Mahal, Begum Zeenat Mahal, and Begum Taj Mahal. "Bahadur Shah Zafar was famous as the last Mughal emperor. Zafar presided over a crucial period in Indian history when the country was subjugated and became … The city’s administration was in disarray and the army was in a chaos. With Raj Babbar, Juhi Chawla, Mukesh Khanna, Ashok Kumar. Bahadur Shah (Persian: بہادر شاه اول‎—Bahādur Shāh Awwal) (14 October 1643 – 27 February 1712), also known as Muhammad Mu'azzam (Persian: محمد معظم‎) and Shah Alam (Persian: شاه عالم‎), was the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. His poems are still read with much enthusiasm and admiration among the numerous Urdu poetry fans. Bahadur Shah II, he was the last Mughal Emperor, ( Death-1963). After his surrender to the British forces, he was sentenced to exile in Rangoon, Burma. However, circumstances ultimately led to his ascension to the throne after his father’s death. Bahadur Shah II : biography 24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862 He was reputedly known to have profound sensitivities to the feelings of his Hindu subjects. English: Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah or w:Bahadur Shah II ; October 24 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the last of the Mughal emperors in India, as well as the last ruler of the Timurid Dynasty. He became the successor to his father, Akbar II with his death on 28 September 1837. 864 x 486 jpeg 43kB. When Zafar came to … The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore. As the second son of Akbar Shah II and Lal Bai, he was not his father’s original choice to ascend the throne. He was the son of Akbar Shah II and Lalbai, a Hindu Rajput. Date of experience: October 2019. Read our best collection of Bahadur Shah Zafar poetry and ghazals. He was a prolific writer and even though much of his poetry collections were destroyed in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the remainder of his poems was later complied into Kulliyyat-i-Zafar. 900 x 750 jpeg 331kB. The spot where he was buried remained untraceable till a mausoleum was erected in 1991 at a place which could possibly be the spot where he was buried. As the second son of Akbar Shah II and Lal Bai, he was not his father’s original choice to ascend the throne. Following legal proceedings spread over forty two days for raising a rebellion and indulging into treason against the British, a death sentence was pronounced against him which was later converted into an exile. Bahadur Shah Zafar Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline. Mumbai, India 738 contributions 153 helpful votes. He was over sixty when he ascended to the throne of Delhi. Bahadur Shah, after the death of his father, was placed on the throne in 1837 when he was little over 60 years of age. Rebelling Indian kings felt that Zafar would be the most suitable person to be the Emperor of India under whom the smaller kingdoms would be united in the fight against the British. Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah or Bahadur Shah II was the last of the Mughal emperors in India, as well as the last ruler of the Timurid Dynasty. He had written a large number of ghazals and his court was home to several Urdu writers of great repute including Mirza Ghalib, Dagh, Mumin, and Zauq. He was considered a weak king and his empire was overthrown by british rulers. While some part of his opus was lost or destroyed during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, a large collection did survive, and was later compiled into the Kulliyyat-i-Zafar. Dr Aslam Parvez’s book Bahadur Shah Zafar was published in 1986 by Amjuman Taraqqi-i-Urdu Hind, Delhi. He developed a love for poetry from two of his teachers, Ibrahim Zauq and Asad Ullah Khan Ghalib. During his reign, he ensured that the major Hindu festivals like Holi and Diwali were celebrated in the court. Pase Marg Mere Mazar Par Jo Charagh Kisi Ne - Bahadur Shah Zafar. Zafar was a sensitive poet who reflected ruefully on the decline of the Mughal Empire. However, circumstances ultimately led to his ascension to the throne after his father’s death. Share. He was a very good poet and a … He had several sons and daughters from his wives and concubines. www.hindustantimes.com. Mirza Abul Muzaffar Mohammad Sirajuddin (1775-1862), titled Bahadur Shah, who chose Zafar for a nom de plume, was born in the red fort of Delhi where he also received his education in Arabic and Persian, as well as in the arts of combating, and archery. In fact, he had not been his father’s preferred choice to succeed him. During Bahadur Shah Zafar’s reign, Urdu poetry developed and reached its acme. Bahadur Shah (born Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad; 1775 – 1862), also known as Bahadur Shah Zafar and Bahadur Shah II, is the last of India's Mughal emperors, who declares himself supreme ruler of India during Act III: India of The Asian Dynasties campaign. Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah ‘Zafar’, also known as ‘Bahadur Shah’ or ‘Bahadur Shah II’ was the last of the Mughal emperors in India, as well as the last ruler of the Taimuri Dynasty. He reigned for 20 years. Zafar has left behind a huge collection of ghazals in four volumes which constitute his Kulliyat. He was the son of Akbar Shah II and Lalbai, a Hindu Rajput. After the demise of Zauq, it was Ghalib who became his mentor. He was a poet, musician, and calligrapher, more an aesthete than a political leader. Last Mughal Emperor and contemporary of Ghalib and Zauq. In 1858, he was deported to Rangoon, now Yangon, the capital city of modern day Myanmar, then the British-controlled Burma, and was accompanied by his wife Zeenat Mahal, his two sons and a daughter-in-law. www.poemsurdu.com. Akbar II was planning to name Mirza Jahangir, son of his wife Mumtaz Begum as the successor but could not do so after Mirza Jahangir got into serious conflict with the British. At first the trial was suggested to be held at Calcutta, the place where Directors of East India company used to their sittings in connection with their commercial pursuits. Last Mughal Emperor and contemporary of Ghalib and Zauq. He is a son of King Prithvi Narayan Shah. Log in. The court that he maintained was home to several prolific Urdu writers, including Mirza Ghalib, Dagh, Mumin, and Zauq. He was born on 24th, October 1775. Bahadur Shah Zafar was a noted Urdu poet, having written a number of Urdu ghazals.While some part of his opus was lost or destroyed during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, a large collection did survive, and was compiled into the Kulliyyat-i-Zafar. After the demise of Zauq, it was Ghalib who became his mentor. An illustration depicting the arrest of Bahadur Shah Zafar The great Mughal empire had lost much of its influence and territory by the end of the 1700s. Bahadur Shah, who had been proclaimed as an emperor of whole of India, was overthrown. The trial was a consequence of the Sepoy Mutiny and lasted for 41 days, had 19 hearings, 21 witnesses and over a hundred documents in Persian and Urdu, with their English translations, were produced in the court. He gave his public support to the rebellion and even appointed his son Mirza Mughal as the commander in chief of his forces. He died and buried in the place. He was a noted Urdu poet who composed several ghazals which were known for their emotional and intense content. Influenced by his grandfather and father who were also poets, even he developed this creative skill. Read more about Bahadur Shah Zafar and access their famous audio, video, and ebooks.” Bahadur Shah Zafar. Bahadur Shah himself was exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862 at the age of 87. He sought the advice of Mirza Naseer, then Zauq on his poetry. He was the successor to Akbar II and lived from 24 October 1775 to 7 November 1862. Of all his wives, Zeenat Mahal was the closest to him. 1775 - 1862 His greatest achievement was that he was the fairest Mughal Emperor. He was the second son of Akbar Shāh II and Lāl Bāī. His poems are still read with much enthusiasm and admiration among the numerous Urdu poetry fans. Though most famous for being the last Mughal emperor, Zafar was also a very talented Urdu poet and musician in his own right. he was been chained and exile to Myanmar from India. He was not a very ambitious ruler and thus the British believed that he posed no real threat to them. Yet, many of them were saved and were later on compiled as Kulliyat-I-Zafar. Shah's plans were intercepted by the emperor, who imprisoned him several times. He was the second son of and became the successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September 1837. As a young boy he received education in Urdu, Persian and Arabic. Bahadur Shah Zafar was a noted Urdu poet, and wrote a large number of Urdu ghazals. Bahadur Shah Zafar or Bahadur Shah II (born as Mirza Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad) (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the last Mughal emperor. 1775 - 1862 | Delhi, India. Last Mughal Emperor and contemporary of Ghalib and Zauq. He was the son of Akbar Shah from his Hindu wife Lalbai. He was born on October 24, 1775, as one of the 14 sons of Mughal emperor Akbar II. Zarin S wrote a review Mar 2020. Many male members of Zafar’s family including his sons Mirza Mughal and Mirza Khizr Sultan were killed by the British, while the surviving members, including Bahadur Shah himself, were imprisoned or exiled. Bahadur Shah Zafar, also known as Bahadur Shah II, was the last Mughal emperor of India who reigned from 1837 to 1857 for a period of 20 years. Bahadur Shah Zafar took refuge in the Humayun’s tomb from where he was apprehended by Major William Hudson. He was very sensitive towards the religious sentiments of Hindus and did not support the extremist views of some Orthodox Muslim sheikhs. The last Mughal emperor of India, Bahadur Shah Zafar II (1775-1862) was born Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar and was a very famous Urdu poet in his times. He had a fine hand as a calligrapher and sent copies of his handwritten Quran to the prominent mosques of Delhi as gift. Bahādur Shāh II, also called Bahādur Shāh Ẓafar, (born October 24, 1775, Delhi, India—died November 7, 1862, Rangoon [now Yangon], Myanmar), the last Mughal emperor of India (reigned 1837–57). He was arrested, imprisoned, and made to suffer a series of ignominies: the beheading of his three sons and a grandson; the hanging of their heads in display for long hours; the exile, imprisonment, and death of many princes in distress; and his own presentation before the British soldiers and others as a prisoner. Zaheer Dehlvi (Mentor), baat karnī mujhe mushkil kabhī aisī to na thī, jaisī ab hai tirī mahfil kabhī aisī to na thī, conversing has never been so diffficult for me, your company now is no more as it used to be, baat karni mujhe mushkil kabhi aisi to na thi, jaisi ab hai teri mahfil kabhi aisi to na thi. As an emperor he saw to his best that all his subjects belonging to different religions were treated fairly. 2 Helpful votes. When it became apparent that the British would emerge victorious, Bahadur Shah sought refuge at Humanyun’s Tomb at the outskirts of Delhi. He believed in the equality of religions and felt it was his duty to protect the religious rights of the Hindus along with the Muslims. However, British officials led by Major William Hodson discovered his hiding place and forced him to surrender on 20 September 1857. The very next day his sons Mirza Mughal, Mirza Khizzer Sultan and grandson Mirza Abu Bakar were executed. Delhi, India. Ask your question. Join now. His full name was Mirza Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar. "Kulliyat-I-Zafar" is the collection of his poetry and ghazals which was complied after his death. With the entry of the British army in the city, he sought his refuge in the mausoleum of Humayun where he surrendered along with his wife Zeenat Mahal and two sons. He was the second son of and became the successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September, 1837. He was the second son of and successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September 1837. At the time of his birth, his father was a governor of Gujarat; he was officially declared the Mughal Emperor in 1628. It was the first case to be tried at the Red Fort. Being a prince, he was also trained in the military arts of horsemanship, swordsmanship, shooting with bow and arrow and with fire-arms. However, Zafar did play a prominent role during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, fighting for India’s independence from British Rule. Mirza Mughal was very inexperienced, and did not lead the army competently. He became the Mughal Emperor upon his father's death on 28 September 1837. This marked the end of the Mughal rule in India. The story of the last Mughal emperor. Zafar presided First published in Urdu in 1986, this ‘labour of love’ brings alive the life and poetry of Bahadur Shah Zafar (1775 to 1862), the last Mughal Emperor. He died on November 7, 1862 at the age of 87. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/bahadur-shah-zafar-5489.php, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings. Copies of his handwritten Quran to the prominent mosques of Delhi were known for their emotional and content... 1775 and was the first case to be tried at the age 87! ) a part of his forces was also often referred to as Bahadur Shah Zafar and access famous... 7 November 1862 1707, he was the first case to be tried at the age of 87. https //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bahadur_Shah_II. 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